"Your hard-earned money is being used to pay those greedy members of congress a salary of $174,000 a year - - - and you also give them a very generous office allowance, a "gold-plated" healthcare plan, a fantastic pension, an extremely liberal expense account, and many other elitist perks. But they typically only work 90 days a year. Wow! What a great job!"
I thought this was very well written article, not only did it grasp my complete attention but it did teach me a thing a two about how Congress has made violations against the Constitution. Just from this excerpt you can see that somehow, some of your money ends up paying Congressmen's 174,000 salary. Not to mention that they only work 90 days out of the year, that is a mere 3 months!
Please take a moment to read the article, it is very insightful.
"No law, varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives, shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened."
- 27th Amendment of the United States Constitution
This amendment prevented Congress (Senators and Representatives) from giving themselves a higher pay or raise, if they did want to increase the pay it would have to wait until the New Congress convened. This was proposed by James Madison in 1789, after about 200 the amendment finally took affect, specifically in 1992.
The first piece of media is a comic, it relates to the amendment because it illustrates a Congressman with a briefcase full of his raise money, while a man in the background stands against the wall needing a "bailout."
For the next segment of media, I decided to show some voting materials used. The ones shown below are specifically targeted at 18 year olds, hence the number 18 on both items. The first item is a group of materials included in it is a schedules of events, informational CD's, and a Publication to further assist new voters with the procedures for voting. I feel like the button is the epitome of voting, thus by creating one with the number 18 on it, you have targeted a specific group. I think these are both great materials used for voting.
"Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.
Section 2. The Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation."
- 26th Amendment of the United States Constitution
The voting age was changed from twenty one to eighteen because young men would return from the war and realized that they were unable to vote because the voting age was set at 21. If you can just take a minute to understand their situation. You just fought in a war for your country but you can't vote....
The media I chose for this amendment is a more modernized version of this amendment. It depicts how the amendment fits in within modern Society. I thought it was simple and cool. What it expresses to me is how America's youth are involved with voting. This shows childish/youth-like traits by including the cell phone and custom ringtone. Also the writings in the bubbles are almost like texts, by using "u," "2," and "4" (All texting lingo).
This media also comes from: One Heartbeat Away by Birch Bayh
Senator Birch Bayh (Kefauver's successor as Chairman of the Subcommittee on Constitutional Amendments) proposed in the Senate and Representative Emanuel Celler (Chairman of the House Judiciary Committee) proposed in the House of Representatives what would become the Twenty-fifth Amendment. Their proposal specified the process by which a President could be declared disabled, thereby making the Vice President an Acting President, and by which he could regain the powers of that office.
Also, their proposal provided a way to fill a vacancy in the office of Vice President before the next presidential election. This was as opposed to the Keating-Kefauver proposal, which did not provide for filling a vacancy in the office of Vice President prior to the next presidential election or itself provide a process for determining presidential disability. In 1964, the American Bar Association endorsed the type of proposal which Bayh and Celler advocated. And that is where the 25th Amendment comes from.
"Section 1. In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.
Section 2. Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress.
Section 3. Whenever the President transmits to the President Pro Temporeof the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives is written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President.
Section 4. Whenever the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive departments or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting President.
Thereafter, when the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that no inability exists, he shall resume the powers and duties of his office unless the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive department or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit within four days to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Thereupon Congress shall decide the issue, assembling within forty-eight hours for that purpose if not in session. If the Congress, within twenty-one days after receipt of the latter written declaration, or, if Congress is not in session, within twenty-one days after Congress is required to assemble, determines by two-thirds vote of both Houses that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall continue to discharge the same as Acting President; otherwise, the President shall resume the powers and duties of his office."
- 25th Amendment of the United States Constitution
The 25th Amendment outlines the procedures that must be taken place when the President is unable to complete his term. The Vice President fills this vacancy and serves as the President.
My first media segment is actually a proposal: One Heartbeat Away by Birch Bayh
In 1963, Senator Kenneth Keating of New York proposed a Constitutional amendment which would have enabled the Congress to enact legislation providing for how to determine when a President is disabled, rather than, as the Twenty-fifth amendment does, having the Constitution so provide. This is a very important section of the amendment.